The common symptoms of sick building syndrome can develop into an illness that is referred as building related illness. These symptoms include coughing, fatigue, itchy eyes and nose, nausea, headache and irritated throats that seems to begin when one is in a particular building and get over once you leave the building. You can also find out whether you have the disease by seeking advice from colleagues who work in the same area. Making an appointment with a physician and explaining the symptoms can help rule out other conditions and illnesses. The following are some of the factors that lead to sick building syndromes and how to curb them.
1. Poor ventilation-This restricts the circulation of air in the room, which brings with itself much disease due to lack of oxygen, and fresh air. Unblocking vents and grilles can improve this if they are blocked or introducing new ones if at all there is none. Introducing indoor plants also helps in air circulation since the plants take in carbon dioxide and excretes oxygen, which is essential for human beings.
2. Poor cleanliness standards-This is based on the general cleanliness of the working atmosphere such as garbage disposal. Poor cleaning brings bad odor to the atmosphere and exposes one to biological contamination. This can be prevented by getting rid of garbage immediately to prevent bad odor and keeping eating areas clean. This keeps off pests such as cockroaches, which can cause allergies.
3. Psychological factors- This includes stress and low morale from the staff, which can be brought about by fatigue and hunger. This can be improved by organizing your workload and making the priorities right. This helps reduce fatigue and have a conducive working environment thus reducing stress. Healthy eating and general fitness improvement also helps improve this since it helps you keep high levels of energy and maintain good posture while working.
4. Improper use of display equipment- This can be dealt with by taking habitual screen breaks of about 5 to 10 minutes. This helps in reducing fatigue and bringing refreshments.
5. Airborne chemical pollutants-These pollutants include those from furniture and cleaning materials and printers. This can be improved by keeping high cleanliness standards such as using health friendly cleaning materials and opening windows to help in air circulation.
6. High temperature.-The temperature of a working environment matters a lot in maintaining a staff’s morale. High temperatures are most annoying and can be curbed by keeping windows open to lower the temperatures. Checking heating and air conditioning system and its maintenance also help keeps a room in the best temperature conditions.
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